Experts said the list confirms London as the “undisputed centre of the world” for higher education and research.
Imperial College is the highest placed London university, at 13, followed by London School of Economics and Political Science and University College London.
King’s College London is Europe’s biggest riser, up from around 70 to 43. London Business School and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine also both made it on to the list.
Phil Baty, editor of Times Higher Education Rankings, said: “These results are fantastic news for London. Today’s rankings confirm London’s status as the undisputed centre of the world when it comes to global higher education and research.